Mike the Psych's Blog

What if psychologists ruled the world? In real life?


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Last surviving crew member of Hindenburg has died

A sad postscript to my recent post on the Zeppelin museum was the news that the last surviving crew member, Werner Franz, has recently died at the age of 92.

He joined the crew as a cabin boy aged 14 and was on the ill-fated voyage when the airship exploded and was destroyed in 30 seconds on May 6 1937.

13 of its 36 passengers, 22 of its 62 crew, a ground worker and a pet dog perished. (At least one of the surviving passengers is still alive).

He never had the chance to fly in a Zeppelin again as the crash destroyed public confidence in airships even though they were twice as fast as any transatlantic liner.

He probably survived because he was in the mess stacking dishes and was doused in water from a storage tank which protected him from the heat and flames as he kicked open a hatch and jumped for his life before the airship hit the ground. He had the survival instinct to run into the wind and away from the flames then stood and watched with the other survivors as it burnt down to its skeleton.

He stayed in New York for 9 nine days, attended a dock-side memorial service, testified before the US board of inquiry and got in some sight-seeing before he went home on the Europa steamship.

He reached Bremerhaven on his 15th birthday and thought of his escape as a “heavenly gift”. He suffered panic attacks for years but wanted to make the most of the second chance he’d been given.

During WWII he was a radio operator in the Luftwaffe then joined the postal service at the end of the war repairing machinery. He indulged his passion for skating and became a coach, one of his pupils winning two Olympic silver medals.

In 2004 he attended the opening of  a new museum in Lakehurst with  his son and visited the crash site for the last time.

 

Source: the Times obituary

 

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More American Cartoons On Canada

O' Canada

I enjoy the diversion of witty cartoons (especially those in The New Yorker magazine), and I’ve posted previously about funny cartoons that comment on American perceptions and stereotypes about Canada (for example, here and here).  Below are a few others that may provide for some amusement.

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This one deals with the general lack of knowledge about Canada by many Americans:

What part of Canada . . .

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Americans know they share many similarities with Canadians and might be happy to think that’s true in all respects but every now and then something will remind otherwise — such as the finishing of a sentence with an “eh?” or a different pronunciation of a common word (like “about” pronounced as “aboot”) — even if they can’t put their finger on it:

wYou-seem-familiar-.-.-.

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Of course, there’s the widely held perception of Canadians as being polite to a fault:

Canadian Mob

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This one, while showing two Canadian politicians, plays…

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Truth Is Beauty: A 55-Foot Tall Woman… Burning Man 2013

Wandering through Time and Place

The sculpture Truth and Beauty at Burning Man 2013. Truth Is Beauty. This 55 foot tall sculpture was a main attraction at Burning Man 2013– for a good reason.

There are two sets of greeters when you enter the Kingdom of Burning Man. The first are Border Guards. They check your passports, i.e. tickets. Then they ask the usual questions: “Are you carrying anyone else? Do you have a pet on board? Do you have guns?” Trying to sneak someone in can get you banned. Usually someone climbs on board and checks our bathroom. This time, the guy waved us on. We were disguised as middle-class retirees. We could have been someone’s grandparents. Heck, we are someone’s grandparents.

The second set of greeters serve as the Black Rock City equivalent of the Welcome Wagon. They even give you a package of goodies. These folks smile through the worst of dust storms, as do the Border guards. “I can see…

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The Burning of the Man: Part 2… A Flaming Ritual

Wandering through Time and Place

The burning of the Man is Burning Man's signature event and is surrounded by ritual. (Photo taken by Kenneth Axen, a New Yorker who joined our California/Oregon group this year.) The burning of the Man is Burning Man’s signature event and is surrounded by ritual. (Photo taken by Kenneth Axen, a New Yorker who joined our California/Oregon group this year.)

Rituals have grown up around the burning of the Man that date back to the day when he was first burned in San Francisco on Baker Beach in 1986. He was probably soaked in kerosene and lit by a match, although I don’t know that. I do know that white gas, which I occasionally use to start campfires with when the wood is wet, has a little too much poof, like BOOM.

The days of lighting the Man with a match have long since passed, however. Now it is much more akin to preparation for the Olympics where eleven Greek women representing Vestal Virgins focus the suns rays using a parabolic mirror to create the fire that is then transferred…

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A trip to the Zeppelin museum at Friedrichshafen

My colleague and I were in Konstanz, on the Bodensee as the Germans call Lake Constance. It was our second trip there and we’d quickly had a trip round the lake for an hour or so to cool off in the 30 degree heat.

SCAN0060But we fancied a trip across the lake to Friedrichshafen. We’d read that were were a couple of good museums there, the Zeppelin museum and art gallery and the Dornier museum, and thought the best way to make the most of our time was to get the high speed catamaran. This costs €20, more than the ferry but takes half the time, less than an hour, which would give us time to visit both museums and get back in time for the football (it was Germany v Portugal in the World Cup).

We also knew from past experience that Sundays were quiet days with not much open, being a good catholic country I suppose, so that seemed ideal. However on checking the web-site it said that catamaran service didn’t run on Sundays however we could buy a combined ticket for €27 for the catamaran and the Dornier museum. So we changed our plans and decided to go on the Monday instead, wandered down to the harbour to buy our tickets (although you can buy them on the day at a ticket machine as well) and discovered the catamarans ran every day.

DSC01991It was probably as well that we went on the Monday as it wasn’t so busy when we boarded our craft which headed out at great speed across the lake, taking the opportunity to shoot some photographs and enjoy a cup of coffee on deck. DSC02009Arriving at Friedrichshafen within an hour we headed for the Zeppelin museum which was on the lake front next to where we landed.

SCAN0059We paid €8 to get in and were immediately directed to the cinema (no choice either with the guide ensuring we didn’t wander off).

Although in German the documentary film was a great introduction to the history of the Zeppelins until the tragedy of the Hindenburg disaster in Lakehurst, New Jersey, America on May 6, 1937. The film didn’t refer to the war years but that was covered in the museum itself.

First we wandered round the art gallery which was interesting but we really wanted to see the Zeppelin museum. It is magnificent.

DSC02022DSC02023They have recreated the lounge and bedrooms as well as the latticework which supported the outer hull.

DSC02019There were scale models comparing the  Zeppelins to modern airliners and ocean liners and they dwarf them all.

DSC02036Friederichshafen is where they built the airships and the museum includes material from the war years.DSC02025

After the war it built one more for the Americans after getting special permission from its European allies (as the terms of the peace settlement didn’t allow airships over a certain size and the Americans wanted a big one!).

The arrangement was that after the crew flew it to America the shipyard had to be demolished so no more could be made.

DSC02020Also based at Friedrichshafen was Maybach, originally a subsidiary of Zeppelin, which made engines for the them. Between the wars it manufactured luxury cars and during the second World War engines for tanks.

There is a wonderfully preserved Maybach Zeppelin car in the museum.

No-one knows why the Hindenburg caught fire. There are lots of conspiracy theories including the one featured in the film about the Hindenburg (which coincidentally was on late night TV when I got back from Germany) i.e. that it was an anti-Nazi plot to show the world that there was opposition to Hitler within Germany.

The fact that America wouldn’t let Germany have helium instead of the highly inflammable hydrogen was also blamed and the museum displays the many theories put forward.

DSC02037After a visit to the souvenir shop we asked the way to get to the Dornier museum. Then we realised we had miscalculated. It was over 30 minutes bus ride away and the buses only ran every hour. A quick re-appraisal and we decided we’d rather have a nice lunch in the square outside and do a bit of shopping than rely on the bus service.

DSC02047DSC02050So we found an open-air Italian restaurant opposite the children’s play area featuring a Zeppelin. After enjoying our pasta and a local beer we wandered off to the nearby shops, including a C&A store which brought back memories of the late 1990s before they pulled out of the UK.

DSC02063DSC02073Then back to the boarding point where we travelled back by a different catamaran and enjoyed our return journey watching the boats and an airship travelling above the lake.

SCAN0058I recommend this trip as there is something for everyone including children.

 

Linguistic note:I was intrigued by the fact that while German boats and ships are given a neutral definite article i.e. Das Boot, Das Schiff, Das Kanu, the catamaran is given a masculine identity – Der Katamaran.  Even the captain didn’t know why. As he said “that’s an interesting question”. Does anyone know the answer?

I notice my colleague has also posted today; we were chatting yesterday about the fact that neither of us had got round to it so now you have both of us writing about our experiences!

 


Cyber men on the rise

thief_coming_from_monitor_1600_wht_10122Unit 61398 has been identified as the source of a series of cyber attacks on the USA.

This anonymous but slightly sinister-sounding name refers to a unit of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army stationed in a 12-storey tower block in Shanghai. They are believed to be spearheading cyberwarfare against the West. The Chinese government, as you would expect, has denied it.

It’s been called the “cool war“, an undeclared war in cyberspace, by David Rothkopf, Chief executive and editor of Foreign Policy magazine. A retired CIA Director, Michael Hayden, has compared it to a new Hiroshima.

The source was identified not by the CIA, NSA or other combination of 3 letters but by a private security firm Mandiant (which is headed by Kevin Mandia, a retired military cyber-crime investigator and which probably employs former members of aforesaid spook agencies).

Mandiant identified some of the hackers working from Shanghai such as a former PLA Rear-Admiral known as Ugly Gorilla, another who uses Harry Potter as the answer to a security question, and one called SuperHard.

America is doing it too and the attack on the Iranian nuclear programme using the Stuxnet virus to damage centrifuges was attributed to them and/or the Israelis.

But let’s not forget Russia and other former soviet countries. Redundant KGB computer experts have to be employed somewhere. Russia has been accused of disrupting the Estonian internet system – allegedly to show it’s “near abroad” neighbours it still has control. It’s one step up from stopping trains at the border for maintenance (the tracks are different widths so they have to use bogies) and buying up the port infrastructure there.

The scary thing is that these hackers don’t have to target military assets to disrupt a country’s economy. Crashing the banking system, as they did in Estonia, or energy companies could be equally disastrous. When I heard that Microsoft software was used on US naval vessels, well you can imagine.

So the hackers don’t just focus on the military but on Western businesses too. Recently the New York Times was hacked after it reported on the wealth of a Chinese politician and the Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post report similar attacks.

State sponsored hacking is just one source; there are eco-terrorists, criminals, and jihadis who would all love to take advantage of our reliance on computers. 

Personally not doing on-line banking makes me feel just a tiny bit more secure.