The Day of the Dead is widely celebrated in Mexico and neighbouring countries as away to reconnect with dead relatives. A mixture of old, perhaps Aztec beliefs, and Catholicism it’s a time for skull painting, elaborate make-up and a generally good time all round.
Fireworks can be seen all over France every July 14th as the nation celebrates Bastille Day. Across the USA some ten days earlier on the 4th July, Americans celebrate their Independence Day. In Britain the words of a children’s nursery rhyme “Remember, Remember the 5th of November, Gunpowder, Treason and Plot” are chanted as fireworks fly and bonfires gradually consume a human effigy known as the ‘Guy’. So who was this Guy? And why is he remembered so fondly 400 years after his death?
It could be said that the story started when the Catholic Pope of the day failed to recognise England’s King Henry VIII’s novel ideas on separation and divorce. Henry, annoyed at this, severed ties with Rome and appointed himself head of the Protestant Church of England. Protestant rule in England was maintained and strengthened through the long and glorious reign of his daughter Queen Elizabeth I. When…
View original post 560 more words
In Mexico and parts of South America they celebrate “Dia de Muertos” on 1 and 2 November which coincides with the christian festivals of All Souls or All Saints days.
Christian missionaries often repurposed pagan festivals for their own purposes but the people in these regions still combine older beliefs, which may go back to the Aztec’s Lady of the Dead, who looked after the bones of the deceased, with the catholic church events.
They believe that, starting at midnight on 31 October, the spirits of dead children come through the gates of heaven to be reunited with their families for 24 hours.
This old tradition maintains village life.
When I was in Cancun, Mexico in 1999 I witnessed some of these. In the shopping centre were huge dioramas depicting the events that take place over this festival (these are the pictures used above).
In the Times thus week there was a story about the Day of the Dead and La Calavera Catrina or elegant skull. This was a print by José Guadalupe Postada from the early 20c depicting a woman’s skull with a fancy hat ( satirising poor native Mexicans who adopted aristocratic western dress)before the revolution).
This has since been associated with the festival although the art of sugar skull making with intricate adornments is being replaced by mass-produced versions.
This may sound similar to Halloween as celebrated in Europe and the USA. Halloween is a 3-day festival from All Hallows Eve on the 31st October through to All Souls Day on the 2 November.
This is now a heavily commercialised event and a far cry from apple bobbing and fancy dress with gangs of children marauding for “Trick or Treats”. In my last village we were given signs to put in our windows if we didn’t want to be pestered.
Halloween also has pagan antecedents being linked to the Celtic festival of Samhain which fell on the eve of their New Year which began on November 1st. This was the start of Winter but also the time when the boundary between this world and the spirit world was at its thinnest and spirits could pass over more easily.
Bonfires were lit for protection as departed souls could return to their families for one night to be fed and appeased.
It seems that wherever are we all like a party for whatever reason at this time of year.
The canonisation ceremony of Mother Teresa is due to take place at Vatican on Sunday after the church fast-tracked her for sainthood. Heads of government and various dignitaries will travel to Rome for the ceremony with something like six hundred press in attendance.
Mother Teresa is already a saint in many people’s eyes because of her reputation for “good work” amongst the poor and ill in India. Government leaders fell over themselves to be seen with her, she was awarded the Nobel Prize and travelled the world publicising the work that she did. Along the way she managed to raise millions of dollars for her cause.
Amongst all the “hero worshipping” of Mother Teresa was one very loud dissenting voice, namely Christopher Hitchens
While Christopher Hitchens offered up in-depth essays and critiques on many notable figures and political movements, hardly any public figure saw as much criticism as Mother Teresa…
View original post 319 more words