Mike the Psych's Blog

What if psychologists ruled the world? In real life?

Bombing raid on the Zeppelin base at Friedrichshafen

A little-remembered event took place 100 years ago. In the Autumn of 1914 a daring raid was carried out on Friedrichshafen, the home of the Zeppelin airships.

Fighting on the Western Front had become bogged down (literally in some places) in a stalemate. Britain was worried that it was vulnerable to raids by Zeppelin airships.

An Avro 504 photo courtesy of RNZAF museum

An Avro 504 photo courtesy of RNZAF museum

So three Royal Navy pilots, Squadron Commander Edward Briggs, Flight Commander John Babington, and Flight Lieutenant Sydney Snipe took off from an airfield in France in their Avro 504s each carrying four 20lb bombs to attack the Zeppelin factory.

NB in the early days of air warfare the units were named after cavalry units hence the title of Squadron Commander and bombs were often delivered by being dropped manually from the cockpit.

Ten bomb were dropped but despite early reports to the contrary no airships were destroyed. The First Lord of the Amiralty, Winston Churchill, praised the raid as a “fine feat of arms“.

The Squadron Commander was forced to crash land after his fuel tank was punctured and was only saved from a lynching by factory workers by the intervention of an army officer who apparently threatened to shoot anyone who laid a hand on him. (In WW1 there was a code of honour between combatants to treat officers as gentlemen).

The raid was probably counter-productice. Until then Kaiser Wilhelm had forbidden any aerial attacks on Britain as he didn’t want to be held responsible for damaging historic monuments in London. He probably didn’t want to upset his relatives either. The rulers of the world’s then three greatest nations: King George V of Great Britain, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, and Kaiser Wilhelm II were first cousins. Queen Victoria was their grandmother).

DSC02025 - Version 2German airships began their bombing raids the following January.

I’ve visited the area on a couple of occasions staying in Konstanz which is a beautiful little city across the lake (Bodensee to the Germans) from Friedrichshafen and near the borders with both Switzerland and Austria.

On my last trip I took a trip across the lake with a colleague in a high-speed catamaran to visit the Zeppelin museum in Friedrichshafen. It’s well worth a visit as it include the newsreel footage about the Hindeburg disaster which pretty much ended the use of these giant hydrogen-filled airships.

During WW2 Konstanz allegedly adopted a sneaky strategy to avoid being bombed by the allies. They never turned off their lights at night believing that allied bombers would assume they must be flying over nearby neutral Switzerland and not bomb them. I don’t know if this story is true or not but if it is it was clever albeit risky.



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A trip to the Zeppelin museum at Friedrichshafen

My colleague and I were in Konstanz, on the Bodensee as the Germans call Lake Constance. It was our second trip there and we’d quickly had a trip round the lake for an hour or so to cool off in the 30 degree heat.

SCAN0060But we fancied a trip across the lake to Friedrichshafen. We’d read that were were a couple of good museums there, the Zeppelin museum and art gallery and the Dornier museum, and thought the best way to make the most of our time was to get the high speed catamaran. This costs €20, more than the ferry but takes half the time, less than an hour, which would give us time to visit both museums and get back in time for the football (it was Germany v Portugal in the World Cup).

We also knew from past experience that Sundays were quiet days with not much open, being a good catholic country I suppose, so that seemed ideal. However on checking the web-site it said that catamaran service didn’t run on Sundays however we could buy a combined ticket for €27 for the catamaran and the Dornier museum. So we changed our plans and decided to go on the Monday instead, wandered down to the harbour to buy our tickets (although you can buy them on the day at a ticket machine as well) and discovered the catamarans ran every day.

DSC01991It was probably as well that we went on the Monday as it wasn’t so busy when we boarded our craft which headed out at great speed across the lake, taking the opportunity to shoot some photographs and enjoy a cup of coffee on deck. DSC02009Arriving at Friedrichshafen within an hour we headed for the Zeppelin museum which was on the lake front next to where we landed.

SCAN0059We paid €8 to get in and were immediately directed to the cinema (no choice either with the guide ensuring we didn’t wander off).

Although in German the documentary film was a great introduction to the history of the Zeppelins until the tragedy of the Hindenburg disaster in Lakehurst, New Jersey, America on May 6, 1937. The film didn’t refer to the war years but that was covered in the museum itself.

First we wandered round the art gallery which was interesting but we really wanted to see the Zeppelin museum. It is magnificent.

DSC02022DSC02023They have recreated the lounge and bedrooms as well as the latticework which supported the outer hull.

DSC02019There were scale models comparing the  Zeppelins to modern airliners and ocean liners and they dwarf them all.

DSC02036Friederichshafen is where they built the airships and the museum includes material from the war years.DSC02025

After the war it built one more for the Americans after getting special permission from its European allies (as the terms of the peace settlement didn’t allow airships over a certain size and the Americans wanted a big one!).

The arrangement was that after the crew flew it to America the shipyard had to be demolished so no more could be made.

DSC02020Also based at Friedrichshafen was Maybach, originally a subsidiary of Zeppelin, which made engines for the them. Between the wars it manufactured luxury cars and during the second World War engines for tanks.

There is a wonderfully preserved Maybach Zeppelin car in the museum.

No-one knows why the Hindenburg caught fire. There are lots of conspiracy theories including the one featured in the film about the Hindenburg (which coincidentally was on late night TV when I got back from Germany) i.e. that it was an anti-Nazi plot to show the world that there was opposition to Hitler within Germany.

The fact that America wouldn’t let Germany have helium instead of the highly inflammable hydrogen was also blamed and the museum displays the many theories put forward.

DSC02037After a visit to the souvenir shop we asked the way to get to the Dornier museum. Then we realised we had miscalculated. It was over 30 minutes bus ride away and the buses only ran every hour. A quick re-appraisal and we decided we’d rather have a nice lunch in the square outside and do a bit of shopping than rely on the bus service.

DSC02047DSC02050So we found an open-air Italian restaurant opposite the children’s play area featuring a Zeppelin. After enjoying our pasta and a local beer we wandered off to the nearby shops, including a C&A store which brought back memories of the late 1990s before they pulled out of the UK.

DSC02063DSC02073Then back to the boarding point where we travelled back by a different catamaran and enjoyed our return journey watching the boats and an airship travelling above the lake.

SCAN0058I recommend this trip as there is something for everyone including children.


Linguistic note:I was intrigued by the fact that while German boats and ships are given a neutral definite article i.e. Das Boot, Das Schiff, Das Kanu, the catamaran is given a masculine identity – Der Katamaran.  Even the captain didn’t know why. As he said “that’s an interesting question”. Does anyone know the answer?

I notice my colleague has also posted today; we were chatting yesterday about the fact that neither of us had got round to it so now you have both of us writing about our experiences!