In Mexico and parts of South America they celebrate “Dia de Muertos” on 1 and 2 November which coincides with the christian festivals of All Souls or All Saints days.
Christian missionaries often repurposed pagan festivals for their own purposes but the people in these regions still combine older beliefs, which may go back to the Aztec’s Lady of the Dead, who looked after the bones of the deceased, with the catholic church events.
They believe that, starting at midnight on 31 October, the spirits of dead children come through the gates of heaven to be reunited with their families for 24 hours.
This old tradition maintains village life.
When I was in Cancun, Mexico in 1999 I witnessed some of these. In the shopping centre were huge dioramas depicting the events that take place over this festival (these are the pictures used above).
In the Times thus week there was a story about the Day of the Dead and La Calavera Catrina or elegant skull. This was a print by José Guadalupe Postada from the early 20c depicting a woman’s skull with a fancy hat ( satirising poor native Mexicans who adopted aristocratic western dress)before the revolution).
This has since been associated with the festival although the art of sugar skull making with intricate adornments is being replaced by mass-produced versions.
This may sound similar to Halloween as celebrated in Europe and the USA. Halloween is a 3-day festival from All Hallows Eve on the 31st October through to All Souls Day on the 2 November.
This is now a heavily commercialised event and a far cry from apple bobbing and fancy dress with gangs of children marauding for “Trick or Treats”. In my last village we were given signs to put in our windows if we didn’t want to be pestered.
Halloween also has pagan antecedents being linked to the Celtic festival of Samhain which fell on the eve of their New Year which began on November 1st. This was the start of Winter but also the time when the boundary between this world and the spirit world was at its thinnest and spirits could pass over more easily.
Bonfires were lit for protection as departed souls could return to their families for one night to be fed and appeased.
It seems that wherever are we all like a party for whatever reason at this time of year.